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Lower heating value. The quantity known as lower heating value (LHV) (net calorific value (NCV) or
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Lower heating value. The quantity known as lower heating value (LHV) (net calorific value (NCV) or lower calorific value (LCV)) is determined by subtracting the heat of vaporization of the water from the higher heating value. This treats any H 2 O formed as a vapor. The energy required to vaporize the water therefore is not released as heat.
The lower heating value (also known as net calorific value) of a fuel is defined as the amount of heat released by combusting a specified quantity (initially at 25°C) and returning the temperature of the combustion products to 150°C, which assumes the latent heat of vaporization of water in the reaction products is not recovered.
Net (or lower) Heating Value. The net or lower heating value is obtained by subtracting the latent heat of vaporization of the water vapor formed by the combustion from the gross or higher heating value.

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Lower and Higher Heating Values (LHV and HHV) By definition the higher heating value is equal to the lower heating value with the addition of the heat of vaporization of the water content in the fuel. These values can be measured in the laboratory for each type of fuel used in the kiln system.
The lower heating value (LHV) or higher heating value (HHV) of a gas is an important consideration when selecting a gas engine or CHP plant. Gas engines efficiency is typically quoted based upon the LHV of the gas.
This table contains information on lower heating value, octane, density, and stoichiometric ratio for common fuels.
[1] The lower heating value (also known as net calorific value) of a fuel is defined as the amount of heat released by combusting a specified quantity (initially at 25°C) and returning the temperature of the combustion products to 150°C, which assumes the latent heat of vaporization of water in the reaction products is not recovered.
Lower Calorific Value (= Net Calorific Value - NCV = Lower Heating Value - LHV) - the products of combustion contains the water vapor and the heat in the water vapor is not recovered The table below gives the gross and net heating value of fossil fuels as well as some alternative biobased fuels.
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